India are on course for the country’s first series victory in Australia.
On the second day of the fourth and final Test, the tourists declared their first innings on 622-7 in Sydney.
Cheteshwar Pujara was finally out for 193, while Rishabh Pant hit his second Test century in reaching 159 not out.
Pujara, who was 139 not out overnight and has scored three centuries in the series, looked set to score a fourth double century but was caught and bowled by Nathan Lyon after a nine-hour, 373-ball knock.
India currently lead the series 2-1.